Top 5 Programming Languages of 2020


learning programming

So you have been bitten by the coding bug and want to learn programming? That’s good news because computer programmers are still in high demand. As technology-based devices and services boom across the globe, this demand will only increase with time. And so, now is the time to make that 2020 New Year resolution – learn atleast one programming language, preferably two, in 2020. But with hundreds of programming languages out there, which one should you learn? A search on Wikipedia revealed that there are over 700 programming languages. There’s no way anyone is going to need so many. With time, many programming languages become outdated. So how does one decide which language to learn? The ones that have a future in 2020 and beyond. Here is a list of the Top 5 programming languages to learn for the New Year 2020 and beyond.

Python

This is the hottest programming language today and if you have time to learn only one language, it must be Python. This is the most taught, most learnt, most sought after skill among developers. It is a simple language to learn, but let the simplicity not deceive you into thinking that it is not useful. From academicians, to authors, to trainers, to software developing teams, everybody is interested in Python. You may well ask, why? Because this language is used for web applications, scientific and mathematical applications, business applications, education, desktop GUIs, software development, artificial intelligence, machine learning, data analytics, and many more. There are opportunities to do freelancing work also with knowledge of this programming language.

There are many courses on Coursera, Udacity, Udemy and online tutorials. Besides a number of books can be used or self study. One such book is Programming in Python 3: A Complete Introduction To Python Language, available from Amazon.

Kotlin

Mobile devices have become the default device for consuming content on the Internet. Whether it is videos, movies, online gaming, online education, services such as ticket booking, cab-services, etc, the demand for mobile devices continues to increase exponentially. And on mobile devices, Android rules. If you are thinking about mobile development than Kotlin is the language to learn. Kotlin combines features of Java object-oriented programming and functional programming. And since this language has the support of Google, you can be sure it is going to dominate the mobile platform.

A good book to start your journey on Kotlin is Head First Kotlin – A Brain Friendly Guide.

JavaScript

Don’t confuse this with Java. Both are different. If web development interests you than the first language you should master is JavaScript. Programmers who work on server-side or client-side, both need this language. This language is regularly updated and frameworks like Angular, ReactJS, jQuery add to the usability and functionality of JavaScript. JavaScript is used for client-side validation, server-side scripts and to create animations. This is the skill most in demand with web developers.

The classic book, JavaScript, The Definitive Guide by David Flanagan is the book you need to learn this language and a number of online courses on Udemy and YouTube will make that process faster.

Java

This language has been around for a long time and continues to be a “must know” programming language. It is object-oriented, with support for networking, GUI-enabled, good for desktop, mobile, cloud-based, distributed, gaming and animation and enterprise applications. The demand for Java remains steady and once you have mastered the object-oriented programming (OOPs) concepts in Java, those should also help you to understand other object-oriented languages such as C++, Python and Kotlin.

My favorite book for Java, suitable for beginners, is Programming with Java by E. Balagurusamy. This book is written in a easy to understand language and has plenty of exercises that can give you confidence to learn more. OOps concepts are very well explained.

TypeScript

You can guess from the name of this language that it has something in common with JavaScript (JS). Indeed it has. TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript and has more capabilities and more features. It is expected to overtake JavaScript in 2020. TypeScript is an open source programming language developed and maintained by Microsoft. It is designed for large applications. This language is object-oriented. It is used for developing both client-side and server-side systems. Since TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript, code written in JS will work in TypeScript also.

Head straight for the book Mastering TypeScript by Nathan Rozentals for an indepth coverage of this language. Happy Learning.



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